广东11选5

全局观:为什么人类难以意识到我们正在走向有史以来最大的灾难

广东11选5ZUOZHE:Richard HeinbergYIZHE:YAOJINGWEN(WEIBO@WOMENCIZHIQULIULANG)ZUICHUYOUResilience.orgYU2018NIAN12YUE17RIFABIAODANGJIN,RENLEIMIANLINZHEXUDUOWENTI...


ZUOZHE:Richard Heinberg

YIZHE:YAOJINGWEN(WEIBO@WOMENCIZHIQULIULANG)

ZUICHUYOUResilience.orgYU2018NIAN12YUE17RIFABIAO

DANGJIN,RENLEIMIANLINZHEXUDUOWENTI。QIHOUBIANHUA、JINGJIBUPINGDENGJIAJU、SHENGWUDUOYANGXINGWAJIE、ZHENGJULIANGJIFENHUA,YIJIQUANQIUZHAIWUPAOMODENG,DOUZHISHIWOMENDANYOUDEYIXIAOBUFENWENTI。ZHEIQIZHONGRENHEYIXIANGQUSHIDECHIXUDOUHUIRANGWOMENDEWENMINGNANYIWEIJI。ERZHEIXIEWENTIDEMANYANBIAOMINGWOMENZHENGZAIZOUXIANGMOUZHONGLISHIXINGDEFAZHANDUANDIAN。

YANZHONGDEFAZHANDUANDIANWANGWANGHUIRAOLUANSUOYOUFUZASHEHUIDESHIJIANXIAN。SUOWEIFUZASHEHUI(complex societies)SHIWENMINGDELINGYIZHONGCHENGWEI – JIYOUCHENGSHI、XIEZUO、HUOBIHEQUANZHILAODONGFENGONGDESHEHUI。YOUCITEZHENGDESHEHUIRUGULUOMA、AIJIHEMAYAWENMINGZUIZHONGDOUBENGTALE。KAOGUXUEJIA、LISHIXUEJIAHEXITONGKEXUEJIAMENSHUSHINIANLAIDOUZAIXUNQIUDUIZHEIZHONGSHIBAIMOSHIDEJIESHI – JIYOUGUANWENMINGBENGTADETONGYONGBIAOZHUNLILUN。ZUIYOUXIWANGZUOWEILILUNJICHUDEGAINIANZHIYILAIZIYUDANXINGKEXUE(resilience science)。DANXINGKEXUEYECHENGWEISHENGTAIWENJIANXINGYANJIU,SHISHENGTAIXUEDEYIGEFENZHI,ZHIZAIYANJIUGEZHONGSHENGWUYUQISUOCHUHUANJINGZHIJIANDEGUANXI。

WOMENGUANCHADAO,JIHUSUOYOUDESHENGTAIXITONGDOUHUIZHONGFUDIJINGGUOSHIYINGXINGXUNHUANDESIGEJIEDUAN:KAIFAJIEDUAN(exploitation),WEICHIJIEDUAN(conservation),SHIFANGJIEDUAN(release)HEZHONGZUJIEDUAN(reorganization)。YISONGLINDESHENGTAIXITONGWEILI。DANGMOUZHONGRAODONGZHIHOU(LIRUYICHANGHUOZAIJIANGCHUCUNDETANSHIFANGDAOHUANJINGZHONG),NEIXIENAISHOUXINGHESHIYINGXINGQIANGDE“XIANFENG”ZHIWUHEXIAOXINGDONGWUHUITIANBUKONGBAIDESHENGTAIWEI,BINGXUNSUFANYAN。

ZHEISHIXUNHUANDEZHONGZUJIEDUAN,TAHUIHENKUAIDEGUODUDAOKAIFAJIEDUAN。ZAIKAIFAJIEDUAN,NEIXIEKEYICHONGFENLIYONGYUQITAWUZHONGGUANXIYOUSHIDEWUZHONGKAISHIZHANZHUDAODIWEI。ZHEIXIEGUANXIRANGXITONGGENGJIAWENDING,DANDAIJIASHISUNSHILEWUZHONGDUOYANGXING。

广东11选5ZAIWEICHIJIEDUAN,JUZHUDAODIWEIDEWUZHONGZHANYOULEYINGYANG、SHUIFENHEYANGGUANGDENGZIYUAN。ZUIZHONGZHENGGEXITONGSHIQULEYINGDUIBUDUANBIANHUAHUANJINGDELINGHUOXING。ZHEIXIEQUSHIHUIFAZHANDAOMOUGESHIJIANDIAN,CISHIXITONGJIYIFASHENGBENGKUI,JISHIFANGJIEDUAN。HENDUOSHUMUSIWANG,SANBOZIJIDEYANGFEN。SENLINDESHUGUANYEHUIDAKAI,RANGGENGDUODEGUANGXIANZHAORU,WEIGUANMUHEXIAODONGWUMENTIGONGLEQIXIDI。XUNHUANZHONGXINKAISHI。

RENLEIWENMINGYEDAZHIZUNXUNTONGYANGDEFAZHANGUILV。ZAOQIDEFUZASHEHUIYOUHENDUOQUANNENGDEKAITUOZHE(NEIXIEKEYIBAHENDUOSHIQINGWANCHENGHAODEREN)。TAMENSHENGHUODEHUANJINGYOUFENGFUDEKEGONGKAICAIDEZIYUAN。ZHEIXIERENHUIKAIFACHUYIXIEGONGJU,BANGZHUTAMENGENGYOUXIAODILIYONGZIYUAN。LAODONGFENGONGHEGENGYAOYUANJULIDEMAOYIWANGLAIYEYOUZHUYUGENGCHONGFENDILIYONGZIYUAN。MAOYIHEXINGZHENGZHONGXIN(JICHENGSHI)CHUXIANBINGFAZHANQILAI。HUOBIBEIGENGDUODEYONGYUCUJINMAOYI,ERZHAIWUZESHIXIANLEJIANGXIAOFEICONGWEILAIDAOXIANZAIDEZHUANYI。ZHEISHICHONGSHANGBAOLIZHEHUIYONGXIANJINDEWUQILAIWUZHUANGZIJI,QUZHENGFUZHOUWEIDEMINZHONG。

FUZAXING(LIRUGENGDUOYANGDEGONGJU、GENGDUODESHEHUIJIECENGHEGENGZHUANYEHUA)JIEJUELEHENDUOWENTI,BINGSHIXIANCAIFUDEJILEI,XITONGJIUCIJINRUWEICHIJIEDUAN。CISHIYIGEDIGUODEYIJIANLI,BINGQUDEJUDADEYISHUHEKEXUECHENGJIU。RANER,SUIZHESHIJIANDETUIYI,FUZAXINGDECHENGBENHUILEIJI,SHEHUIDEWENJIANXINGYEZHUBUXIAJIANG。SHUIWUFUDANBIANDENANYICHENGSHOU,ZIRANZIYUANYEXIAOHAODAIJIN,HUANJINGJIANJIANBEIWURAN,BEIZHENGFUDERENMENKAISHIJIAOZAOBUAN。ZAIZHEIGEGAODUSHANGDEMEIGEWENMINGDOUXIANDEWENDINGQIEBUKEZHANSHENG。DANZHENGSHIZAIZHEIGEXINGSHENGDESHIKE,TAYERONGYISHOUDAONEIYOUWAIHUANDEQINRAO。ZHAIWUZAIYEWUFACHANGHAI。BEIZHENGFUDEMINZHONGQILAIFANKANG。YICHANGZIRANZAIHAIJIUNENGDAPOXITONGBIAOMIANSHANGDEWENDINGHEZHIXU。

广东11选5WENMINGHONGRANJIANBENGTA,LIUXIAYIDIFEIXU。DANZHISHAOYIXIEGONGJUHESHIYONGDEZHISHIBAOCUNLEXIALAI。ZHEIXIEDOUSHIWEIDAWENMINGDEGOUCHENGYUANSU。CISHIZIRANHUANJINGYEYOUJIHUIZAISHENGHEHUIFU。ZUIZHONGXITONGDEYIZHONGZUBINGJINRUXINDEKAIFAJIEDUAN – JILINGYIGEWENMINGDEXINGQI。

QUANQIUGONGYEHUAWENMINGYOUGEZHONGMINGQUEDEBIAOZHI,BIAOMINGZIJIZHENGCHUYUWEICHIJIEDUAN。WOMENDECHENGJIULINGRENNANYIZHIXIN。DANSHIWOMENDEXITONGYIGUODUJINZHANG,GEZHONGWENTI(BAOKUOQIHOUBIANHUA,BUPINGDENGHEZHENGZHIJINENGSHIDIAODENG)ZHENGZAILEIJIHEEHUA。RANER,WOMENXIANZAIDEWENMINGYUZHIQIANDERENHEGUWENMINGDOUBUYIYANG。BUTONGYUGULUOMA、GUXILA、GUAIJI、ZHONGGUOSHANGCHAO、YINJIAWENMING、AZITAIKEWENMINGHEMAYAWENMING,WOMENGOUJIANDEWENMINGDEFANWEISHIQUANQIUXINGDE。WOMENFAMINGLEYIQIANNANYIXIANGXIANGDEJIAOTONGYUNSHUHETONGXUNMOSHI。DEYIYUGONGGONGJIANKANGHENONGYEFANGMIANDEJINBU,RENLEIZONGRENKOUXIANYIZENGZHANGWEILIANGQIANDUONIANQIANDEXUDUOBEI。WOMENSHIFOUYIJINGCHAOCHUSHIYINGXINGXUNHUAN,BINGTAOTUODAZIRANDUIYONGXUKUOZHANGDEYIZHI?

WEILEHUIDAZHEIGEWENTI,WOMENBIXUXIANTANJIUYIXIA,WEISHENMEXIANDAIWENMINGNENGRUCICHENGGONG。KEJIDEFAZHAN,BAOKUOYEJINSHUHEGONGCHENGFANGMIANDEJINBUKENDINGYOUQIZUOYONG。TAMENWEIHUOQUHELIYONGNENGYUANTIGONGLEGENGHAODEFANGFA。DANKEYONGNENGYUANZHILIANGHESHULIANGDEKUAISUZHUANBIANCAIZHENZHENGYINGXIANGZHONGDA。

CONGQIAN,RENMENCONGMEINIANSHENGZHANGDEZHIWUZHONGHUOQUNENGLIANG(SHIWUHEMUCHAI),BINGLIYONGRENLIHECHULILAICAOZONGZHOUZAODEHUANJING。ZHEIXIENENGYUANZHUDINGSHIYOUXIANDE。DANSHI,CONG19SHIJIKAISHI,XINJISHUSHIWOMENNENGHUOQUHELIYONGHUASHIRANLIAODENENGLIANG。ZHEIXIEHUASHIRANLIAO(MEI、SHIYOUHETIANRANQIDENG)SUONENGTIGONGDENENGLIANGYUANYUANCHAOGUOCONGQIAN。

NENGYUANJIUSHIYIQIE。CONGBENZHISHANGLAIJIANG,SUOYOULUDISHENGTAIXITONGHERENLEISHEHUIDOUSHISHIYONGHEXIAOHAO(TONGGUOGUANGHEZUOYONGERCAIJIHEHUIJUDE)TAIYANGNENGDEJIQI。WOMENQINGXIANGYURENWEISHIJINQIANRANGZHEIGESHIJIEDEYIYUNZUO。DANSHIJISHANGSHINENGYUANSHIWOMENWUSUOBUNENG – XIAODAOZAOCHENQICHUANG,DADAOFASHEKONGJIANZHAN。ERYIDICHENGBENDEDAODEDALIANGNENGYUANRANGWOMENCHENGJIUFEIRAN。

HUASHIRANLIAOYUNHANZHESHUQIANWANNIANCHUCUNXIALAIDEGULAODETAIYANGNENG。TASHIYIZHONGGAONENGLIANG、BIANXIEBINGQIEKECHUCUNDENENGLIANGYUAN。DEYIHUOQUZHEIXIENENGLIANGJIHUGAIBIANLERENLEICUNZAIDEYIQIE。HUASHIRANLIAOJUYOUDUTEDEGAOZHUANHUANXINGNENG,YINERNENGGOUTONGGUOTUOLAJI、TUITUJI、DONGLICAIKUANGSHEBEI、DIANJUHEJIDONGTUOWANGYUCHUANDENG, GENGKUAISUDIHUOQUHESHIYONGSUOYOUDEQITAZIYUAN。

广东11选5JUYIGELIZI。ZAIZHIQIANSUOYOUDENONGGENGWENMINGZHONG,YAOYOUDAYUESIFENZHISANDERENKOUWUNONG,CAINENGYOUGUOSHENGDELIANGSHIYANGHUOQIYUSIFENZHIYIRENKOU(GUIZU、SHANGREN、SHIBING、GONGJIANGDENG)。HUASHIRANLIAOSHIXIANLENONGYEDEGONGYEHUAHEZIDONGHUA,YIJIFAZHANGENGZHANGJULIDEFENXIAOLIAN。

RENGONGSHOUGEYUMI(ZUOTU)DUIBIJIQISHOUGEYUMI(YOUTU)TUPIANLAIYUAN: The Harvest Cradle by John Linnell, Public Domain (ZUOTU). Deer Harvester by Wesley Hetrick, Creative Commons Non-Commercial 2.0 Generic License (YOUTU).

广东11选5ERJIN,MEIGUOZHIXUYAO1%-2%DEQUANZHINONGYERENKOU,JIUNENGJISUOYOUQITARENTIGONGSHIPIN。GONGYEHUADESHIPINTIXIJIEFANGLEJIHUSUOYOUDENONGMINJIEJI,SHITAMENNENGJINRUCHENGSHISHENGHUOBINGCONGSHIZHIZAO、YINGXIAO、JINRONG、GUANGGAO、GUANLI、XIAOSHOUDENGGONGZUO。YINCI,ERSHISHIJIQIJIANDECHENGSHIHUAHEZHONGCHANJIEJIDEJIJUKUOZHANGJIHUWANQUANGUIYINYUHUASHIRANLIAO。

广东11选5DANSHIHUASHIRANLIAOYIJINGCHENGWEIYIZHONGYUMOGUIDEJIAOYI。ZHEIZHONGZIYUANZHONGHUIHAOJINQIEBUKEZAISHENG。BUJINRUCI,RANSHAOHUASHIRANLIAOHAIHUICHANSHENGERYANGHUATANHEQITAWENSHIQITI,GAIBIANZHEQIHOUHEQUANQIUHAIYANGDEHUAXUEZUCHENG。ZHEIXIEDOUBUSHIXIAOWENTI。XIANRAN,QIHOUBIANHUABENSHENSHIRENLEISHEHUIQIJINWEIZHISUOMIANLINDEZUIYANZHONGDEWURANKUNJING。TAKEYIZHIJIEDAOZHISHENGTAIXITONGBENGKUI、LIANGSHITIXIWAJIE,YIJIDAMIANJIDERENKOUBEIPOQIANXI。

ZAILILUNSHANG,YONGQITANENGYUANQUDAIHUASHIRANLIAOSHIKENENGDE。DANSHIYAOWANQUANQUDAITAXUYAOJIDADETOUZI。ZHEIBUJINJINSHIZHIXIUJIANTAIYANGNENGBAN、FENGLIFADIANJIHUOHEFANYINGDUI(HOUYIXUANXIANGHAIYOUQITAYANZHONGDEWENTI)。ZHIZAOYE、YUNSHUXITONG、JIANZHUYEHESHIPINTIXIDENGDEYUNZHUANDOUXUYAOZHONGZUZHONGJIAN,CAINENGSHIXIANYIDIANLITIDAIGUTAI、YETAIHUOQITAIDEHUASHIRANLIAO。YINGYONGNENGYUANXUYAOZHUANXING,DANQIJINXINGDESUDUYUANYUANWUFAFANGZHIZAINANXINGQIHOUBIANHUADEFASHENG。ZHEIYANGDEZHUANHUAJINCHENGYEWUFAZUZHIYOUZHIZIYUAN(SHIYOU、MEITANHETIANRANQIDENG)KUJIESUODAOZHIDEJINGJISHUAITUI。XIANRAN,GONGYEHUASHEHUIZAINENGYUANZHUANXINGSHANGDESHIBAIKEYIGUIYINYUYIXIAJIDIAN:1. ZIJINXIONGHOUDEHUASHIRANLIAOCHANYEDEFANDUI。2. JISHUGEXINFANGMIANDEJUDATIAOZHAN。3. WEINENGDEDAOZHENGCEZHIDINGZHEDEZHICHIBINGSHISHIBIYAODETANSHUIHETIDAINENGYUANBUTIEZHENGCE。

YOUCI,WOMENJIASUZOUXIANGSHENGTAISHANGHEJINGJISHANGDEHUIMIE。

MEIGEWENMINGDESHIYINGXINGXUNHUANZAIJIEJINWEICHIJIEDUANWEISHENGSHI,DOUHUICHANSHENGZHEIZHONGXIANGDANGDIANXINGDEXIANXIANG。MEIGEDANDUCHUXIANDEWENTITONGCHANGSHIKEYIJIEJUEDE – ZHISHAOCONGYUANZESHANGLAIJIANG。DANSHI,SUIZHEWENTIDEJILEI,LINGDAOZHEMENQUEYUELAIYUEBUYUANGAIBIANXIANYOUXITONGHECHENGXU,LAIJIEJUEZHEIXIELINGRENDANYOUDEQUSHI。YINWEITAMENYIXIGUANXIANZHUANGQIECONGZHONGSHOUYI。DANGZHEIXIEQUSHIBEIJIANJIANHULVE,NIUZHUANTAMENJIUXUYAOFUCHUGENGJUDADENULI,BINGKEFUGENGQIANGLIEDEBUSHI。YIDANRENMENRENWEIJIEJUEWENTIXUYAOZUOCHUDEXISHENGGUODUO,ZECHULIZHEIXIEWENTIDEWEIYIKEXINGFANGSHIJIUSHIFOURENTAMENDECUNZAI,HUOZHEYINCIQUZHIZEBIEREN。ZEBEIDEHAOCHUSHISHILINGDAOZHEMENKANQILAIZHENXIANGZAIZUOXIESHENME,HAIKEYISHOUHUOZHUISUIZHEDEZHONGXIN。DANSHIZHEIDUIYUYANHUANGUNXUEQIUBANDEGEZHONGWEIJIGENBENWUJIYUSHI。

CONGZHONGWOMENHENRONGYIKANCHUJINGYINGMENSHIRUHEYUXIANSHITUOJIE,BINGCUOSHIBENGTAQIANDEXINHAODE。DANWEISHENMEQITARENDOUHUIGENSUIXIAOFANGNI?SHENJINGKEXUEDEYIXIEXINFAXIANYOUZHUYUDUICIZUOCHUJIESHI – WEIHEDADUOSHURENDOUNANYILIJIEWOMENZHENGZAIZOUYITIAOBUKECHIXUDEDAOLU。

ZAIZUOJUEDINGSHI,WOMENRENLEIYOUYIZHONGKEYILIJIEDE、TIANSHENGDEQINGXIANGXING。JIZAIZUOCHUJUECESHI,WOMENQINGXIANGRENWEICISHICIKESUOMIANLINDEWEIJIHEJIHUIBIWEILAIDEGENGZHONGYAO。ZHEIBEICHENGZUOTIEXIANWEILAI(discounting the future)。ERZHEIYANGDEQINGXIANGSHIDEWOMENNANYITONGGUOXISHENGXIANZAIQUKEFUWEILAIDEJUDAFENGXIAN (RUQIHOUBIANHUADENG)。LIRU,QUWANGQITAGUOJIADUJIAHUIDAILAIZHIJIEDEYUYUE。ZHEIHENKENENGHUIDAXIAOWOMENDUIYUHANGBANSUOPAIFANGWENSHIQITIDEGULV。RUGUOWOMENMEIGERENDOUZHEIYANGZUO,YEJIUSHIBAZHEIGETOUZHIWEILAIDELIZISHUYISHIYIJISUAN。SUOYOUZHEIXIEHUIYINGXIANGQIHOUDEJUEDINGDIEJIAZAIYIQI,NIJIUKEYIKANCHUWEISHENMEJIANSHAOWENSHIQITIDEZONGPAIFANGLIANGSHIRUCIKUNNAN。

WOMENRENLEIHUIBENNENGDIXIANGYINGXINQIDESHIWU。WOMENHUIQUZHUYIHUANJINGZHONGRENHEBUSHIDANGHUOYIWAIDESHIWU,TAMENKENENGYUSHIZHEQIANZAIDEWEIXIEHUOJIANGLI。DADUOSHULEIXINGDEJIANGLIHUIZENGJIADANAONEISHENJINGDIZHIDUOBAANDESHUIPING。SHIYANBIAOMING,RUGUOYIZHONGDONGWUDEDUOBAANSHOUTIJIYINBEIQUCHU,TAJIANGHUIJIANSHAOTANSUOHEMAOXIAN。ERMEIYOULEZHEIXIETANSUOHEMAOXIAN,GETIDESHENGCUNJIHUIJIUHUIJIANGDI。ERRENLEIDANAODEDUOBAANJIANGLIXITONG(WEISHIXIANZHEIZHONGSHIYONGGONGNENGJINHUAERLAI)QUEKEYIBEIGEZHONGSHANGYINWUZHISUOBANGJIA。ZAIYIGECHONGCHIZHEXINXIANCIJIDEWENHUAFENWEIZHONG,ZHEIYANGDEWENTIYOUWEIYANZHONG。ZHEIXIECIJIJINGGUOZHUANMENDESHEJIHETILIAN,LAIYINQIWOMENDEXINGQU,XIYINWOMENDEZHUYILI(WEILEYULEHELIRUN)。LIRUPUTONGERTONGMEITIANHUIKANDAODESHUBAITIAOGUANGGAOXINXI。WOMENYIJINGCHENMIYUGEZHONGGEYANGDECIJI,YIZHIYUNANYIZHUYIDAONEIXIEJIJUWEIXIEDEZHANGQIQUSHIZHENGHUXIAOERLAI。

广东11选5SHEHUIZHONGDEQUANLICHIYOUZHEHUIJILINEIXIEDIWEIHECAIFUBUJITAMENDECONGMINGREN,YIBIANJIANGBUKECHIXUDEQUSHIZHENGCHANGHUA,BINGFOUDINGJIJIANGDAOLAIDEHOUGUO。CIJUHAIFENSANLEGEFANGMIANDEZHUYILI,SHIRENHULVEBUDUANEHUADEMAODUN。SHENGCHENGJINGJIZENGZHANGNENGZAIYOUXIANXINGQIUSHANGYONGYUANJIXUXIAQUDEJINGJIXUEJIAYINGDELENUOBEIERJIANG。BIANBOSHUOQIHOUBIANHUASHIGEPIANJUDEZHENGZHIJIAYINGDELEDALIANGXUANPIAO。YIXIEZHUANJIAHEQIYEJIAXUANCHENGTONGGUOSUOWEIFUWUXINGJINGJI,SHEHUIKEYONGJIUFAZHANKUOZHANGERBUXUYAOEWAIDENENGYUANHUOWUZHIZIYUAN,CONGERBAITUOQIHOUBIANHUAHEZIYUANKUJIEDEFANNAO。ZHEIXIERENZAITAMENDEZHIYEDAOLUSHANGSHUNFENGSHUNSHUI。HAIYOUYIXIEKEJIZHUANJIAGAOSUWOMEN,RENGONGZHINENG、3DDAYINHUOQUKUAILIANJIANGYINGLAIQI“JISHUQIDIAN(singularity)”(DUANSHIJIANNEIJISHUYOUJIDADEJIEJINWUXIANDEJINBU)。DAONEISHIJIUMEIYOURENXUYAOQUGONGZUO。NENGGOUZIWOSHENGCHANDEJIQIHUIMANZUQUANRENLEIDEXUQIUHEYUWANG。FABIAOZHEIXIEYANLUNDEZHUANJIAMENJIUCIMINGLISHUANGSHOU。

广东11选5FOURENZAINANJIJIANGDAOLAIDERENMENYOUZHEBUTONGDETAIDU。QIZHONGYOUXIEHENWENHE。HENDUOYOUSIXIANG、MINGSHILIDERENCHENGRENQIHOUBIANHUA、WUZHONGMIEJUEHETURANGPINJIHUADENGWEIXIE。TAMENJIANCHIRENWEI,RUGUOWOMENGENGJIANULI,JIUNENGKEFUZHEIXIEWENTI。TAMENJINGCHANGHUITICHUYIXIEFANGXIANGZHENGQUEDEGAIBIANYIJIAN。LIRUXUANJUBUTONGDE、GENGFUZERENDEZHENGZHIJIA;JIFEIYINGLIXINGHUANBAOZUZHIJUANKUAN;JIASHIDIANDONGCHE;ZAIWUDINGANZHUANGTAIYANGNENGBAN;CHENGLITAIYANGNENGHEZUOSHEHUOQITAQUYUXINGDEFEIYINGLIJIGOU,CONGERWANQUANSHIYONGXINNENGYUANGONGDIAN;CHIYOUJISHIPIN;ZAIDANGDINONGMAOSHICHANGGOUWUDENGDENG。SUOYOUZHEIXIEXINGDONGDOUNENGBANGZHUSHEHUICHAOZHEZHENGQUEFANGXIANGFAZHAN,YEJIUSHIYUANLISHIBAIDEBIANYUAN,SUIRANCHENGXIAOSHENWEI。HUOXU,TONGGUOYIXIAXINNIAN,KEYIGULIRENMENCAIQUSHANGSHUXINGWEI:PINGWENDEGUODUHEXINGFUDEWEILAISHIKENENGDE,XINNENGYUANJIANGCHUANGZAOFENGFUDEJIUYEJIHUI,ZUIZHONGCHANSHENGCHUYONGJIUZENGZHANGDELVSEJINGJI。JIZHEIYANGDEXINNIANHEXINGDONGPOLENGSHUISHIMEIYOUYIYIDE。QIAQIAXIANGFAN,TAMENYINGGAISHOUDAOGULI。ZHEILEISHIJIXINGDONGHENULI,BULUNSHIFAZINEIXINHAISHIYINGJINGZHIJU,KENENGDOUYOUZHUYUJIANHUANBENGTA,SUIRANWUFAZUIZHONGZUZHIZHEICHANGZAINANDEDAOLAI(WOMENJIANGZAIXIAWENXIANGSHUZHEIYIDIAN)。RANER,RENGRANYOUYIBUFENRENZAIFOUDINGXIANSHI,JI:FOURENGONGYESHEHUIDEZHENGTIFAZHANGUIJIYIJINGCHAOCHULEWOMENDEKONGZHI,TAJIANGWUQINGDEZOUXIANGCHAOZAIHEBENGTA。

SHANGWENYOUZHUYUWOMENGENGHAODILIJIEWEISHENMEZHEIGESHIJIESIHUTUOLILEZHENGCHANGDEGUIDAO。DANYUNHANDEYIWEIRANGRENXINJINGDANZHAN。RUGUOZHEIYIQIESHIZHENDE,NEIWOMENXIANZAIHUODUOHUOSHAOMIANLINBUKEBIMIANDEZAINAN(JINGJISHANG、SHEHUISHANG、ZHENGZHISHANGHESHENGTAISHANG)。ERQIEDANGQIANDEGONGYEWENMINGSHIQUANQIUXINGDE,RENKOUMIDUYAOBIYIQIANRENHESHIJIDOUGAOCHUXUDUOBEI,ZHEICHANGZAINANDEGUIMOKENENGSHIQIANSUOWEIYOUDE。SUIRANMEIYOURENKEYIZAICIKEYUCEBENGTAJIANGSHIZENYANGDECHEDIHEKEPA,DANSHENZHISHIRENLEIDEMIEJUEYESHIKEYIXIANGXIANGDE(JINGUANMEIYOURENYOUXINXINFABIAOZHEIYANGDEYANLUN,ZHEIDANGRANYEBUSHIWEIYIBIRANDEJIEGUO)。

ZHEIYANGDEJIEGUOSHIRENLEICUIRUODESHENJINGNANYICHENGSHOUDE。MEIGERENZIJIDESIWANGJIUYIJINGZUGOUWOMENSILVLE。YIZHONGXINLIXUEJIAOCHENG — “KONGJUGUANLILILUN”(terror management theory)——JIESHILEHENDUOWENHUACHANGGUIHEXISU(ZONGJIAO、MINZURENTONGGANDENG)CUNZAIDEBUFENYUANYINJIUSHIWEILEBANGZHUWOMENYINGDUINANYICHENGSHOUDEZHENXIANG——MEIGERENZHONGYOUYISI。YAOCHENGRENWOMENSHUXIDESHENGTAIHUANJINGJIJIANGTUBENGWAJIE,ERSHENGMINGYEJIJIANGSHIQU,YAOKUNNANDEDUO!SUOYINANGUAIWOMENZHIZHONGDEHENDUORENDOUXUANZEQUFOURENXIANSHIBINGZHUANYIZHUYILI。

HAOWUYIWEN,“BENGTA”SHIYIGEKEPADECI。DANGTINGDAOTASHI,WOMENKENENGHUILIKEXIANGDAODIANYING“FENGKUANGMAIKESI”HE“MORIWEITU”LIDECHANGJING。WOMENSHEXIANGDEBENGTAYIWEIZHEYIQIEYOUYIYIDESHIWUZAISHUNJIANCHEDIJIETI。ZHEIGECIRANGWOMENSHIQULETUILILUNZHENGDENENGLI。DANZHEIZHENGSHIWOMENXUYAOLENGJINGSIKAODESHIHOU。

广东11选5SHISHISHANG,WENMINGDEBENGTAYEFENBUTONGCHENGDU。CONGLISHIZHONGWOMENLEJIEDAO,ZHEIGEGUOCHENGTONGCHANGXUYAOJISHINIAN,YOUSHISHENZHIJISHIJICAIHUIZHUJIANZHANKAI。ERQIEZAIZHEIGEJIETISHIDEJINCHENGZHONG,WANGWANGHUIYOUBUFENDEHUIFUZHOUQI。CIWAI,WOMENYEXUKEYIJIERUBENGTAGUOCHENG,YIGAISHANQIJIEGUO。ZHEIBUJINSHIWEILEWOMENZIJI、WOMENDESHEHUI,YESHIWEILEQUANRENLEIHECHENGQIANSHANGWANQITAWUZHONG。ZAILUOMADIGUOBENGTAZHIHOU,ZHONGSHIJIDEAIERLANSENGLVMENKENENGTONGGUOHUIYIHECHAOLUGUDAIWENXIAN,ER“ZHENGJIULEWENMING”。NEIWOMENNENGFOUTONGGUOGUIHUAHEZHUDONGXINGDONG,YEZUODAOZHEIXIE,SHENZHIGENGDUO?

广东11选5“CANGLIANG” by Thomas Cole (1836), XILIEWUBUQUZHONGDEDISIBUFEN,MINGWEI“DIGUODELICHENG”. Public Domain.

广东11选5WEILEBIMIANQIHOUBIANHUAHEQITAXIANGGUANWEIJI,YIXIERENYIJINGZUOLEHENDUOSHI。RUQIANWENZHONGTIDAODE,YOUXIERENZIYUANDIJIANSHAONENGYUANXIAOHAO;CHIDANGDIZICHANDEYOUJISHIPIN;NULIDIQURENSHILINJUMEN;BAITUOWUXIUZHIDEXIAOFEIXIGUAN;JIANSHAOZHAIWU;ZHONGZHIYOUYIYUBENDISHOUFENZHEDEWUZHONGLAIBAOHUDANGDIDESHENGTAIDUOYANGXING;ZAIZIJIHUAYUANZHONGSHIYONGSHENGWUTANZUOWEIYOUJIFEILIAO;ZHICHINEIXIEYOUXIANJIEJUEKECHIXUFAZHANWEIJIDEZHENGZHIHOUXUANREN;WEIHUANBAOHERENQUANZUZHIZUOGONGXIANDENGDENG,DOUYOUZHUYUHUANHEJIJIANGFASHENGDEBENGTA,BINGQUEBAOHUIYOUGENGDUODEXINGCUNZHE。WOMENHAIKEYIZUODEGENGDUO。WOMENKEYIGONGTONGXINGDONG,KAISHIZHONGXINLVHUAZHEIGEDIQIU。BUJITAN,BINGJIANGQIBAOHANDAOWOMENZHIZAODEJIHUSUOYOUCHANPINZHONG(BAOKUOHUNNINGTU、ZHIZHANGHESULIAODENG),ERBUJINJINSHIBATACUNRUTURANG。JIYUHUZHUGONGYING,SHEJIXINDEJINGJITIXI,ERBUSHIYILAIJINGZHENG、ZHAIWUHEWUZHIJINGDEZENGZHANG。WULUNSHIFOUYISHIDAOWOMENDEWENMINGDAXIANJIANGZHI,SUOYOUZHEIXIENULIDOUSHIYOUYIYIDE。XIANGDUIERYAN,WOMENRUHEMIAOSHUZHEIXIEXINGDONGDEMUBIAOBINGBUZHONGYAO。BUGUANSHIWEILEGAISHANRENMENDESHENGHUOSHUIPING,ZHENGJIUDIQIU,SHIXIANWOMENRENLEIDEFANYANJINHUA,CUJINGUANGFANDEJINGSHENJUEXING,YIHUOJIANHUANZHEIBUKEBIMIANDEWENMINGBENGTA。

广东11选5RANER,ZHEIYANGDEQUANJUGUAN(LIJIESHIYINGXINGXUNHUAN、NENGYUANDEZUOYONGYIJIWOMENDEJIDUKUNJING)BUJINZENGQIANGLEJINPOGAN,GENGRANGWOMENYISHIDAODANGQIANBEIHUSHIDEYIXILIEJINYAOSHIXIANG。LIRU,DANGWENMINGBENGTASHI,ZHONGYAODEWENHUAZHISHITONGCHANGHUIDIUSHI。ZAIJIEXIALAIDEJIGESHIJILI,WOMENKENENGJIANGWUFABIMIANDISHIQUDALIANGRENLEIGONGYOUDEZHISHI。BUGUOZHEIXIEXINXIZHONGDEDABUFENDOUBINGBUZHONGYAO(KONGPAWOMENYAOYUANDEHOUDAIBUHUIJIUJIEYUKANBUDAODANGQIANLIUXINGDEZONGYIJIEMUBA?)。RANERQUANQIUGEDIDERENMENXIANZAIDOUZAISHIYONGCUIRUODECUNCHUJIEZHI(DIANNAOHEFUWUQIYINGPANLAICHUCUN)CONGYINLEDAOSHUJIDAOSHIYONGSHUOMINGDENGSUOYOUNEIRONG。RUGUOSHIJIESHANGDEDIANWANGZAIYEWUFAWEICHI,WOMENSHIQUDEBUJINSHISHUSHIHEFANGBIAN,HAIYOUGENGZHONGYAODEDONGXI。WOMENKENENGHUISHIQUKEXUE、GAODENGSHUXUEHELISHI。

广东11选5BUJINSHIXIANZAIZHULIUDEGONGYEHUAWENHUARONGYISHOUDAOXINXISUNSHIDEYINGXIANG。JIQIANNIANLAIXINGCUNXIALAIDEBENTUCHUANTONGWENHUAYEZHENGZAIBEIQUANQIUHUASUOXUNSUQINSHI。JIEGUOSHI,KEYIBANGZHUWEILAIRENLEIKECHIXUDISHENGCUNXIAQUDEQUYUTEYIXINGZHISHIJIANGDANGRANWUCUN。

ZHEIXIEWENHUAZHISHIDECHUJINGJIJIKEWEI。SHEIJIANFUZHESHAIXUAN、BAOHUHEFUZHITAMENDEZERENNI?ZHIYOUNEIXIESHENZHIWEIJIDERENMEN。

广东11选5ZICONG15NIANQIAN“HOUTANYANJIUSUO” (Post Carbon Institute)CHENGLI,WOMENJIUYISHIDAOLEZHEIYANGDEQUANJUGUAN。WOMENYOUXINGYU60NIANDAI、70NIANDAIHE80NIANDAIDEYIXIEXIANFENGSHENGTAIXUEJIADUIHUAHEXUEXI。TAMENDIANDINGLEWOMENMUQIANDUIWENJIANXINGKEXUE、XITONGXINGSIWEI、QIHOUBIANHUA、ZIYUANKUJIEDENGHENDUOGAINIANDELIJIE。ZICI,WOMENNULIDIJIANGZHEIXIELIJIEHERENZHICHUANDAJINIANQINGYIDAIDESIXIANGJIAHEHUODONGJIA。

ZAIZHEIDUANSHIJIANLI,WOMENBUDUANDISHITUHUIDAZHEIYANGYIGEWENTI – KAOLVDAOWOMENPINFADEZUZHIZIYUAN,SHENMEXINGDONGJIHUAZAIQUANJUGUANBEIJINGXIAZUIYOUYIYI?

广东11选5JINGGUOZHANGSHIJIANDETAOLUN,WOMENZHIDINGLEYIGESIZHONGCELVE。

1. GULIZAISHEQUCENGMIANSHANGDEWENJIANXINGJIANSHE

WENJIANXING(DANXING)ZHIDESHIYIZHONGXITONGNENGLI,SHIQIZAIZAODAOPOHUAIHOURENGNENGBAOCHIJIBENJIEGOUHEGONGNENG。DANGXITONGCHUYUWEICHIJIEDUANSHI,QIWENJIANXINGTONGCHANGSHICHUYUZHENGGESHIYINGXINGXUNHUANDEZUIDISHUIPING。RUGUONENGZAICISHIDERENLEISHEHUIXITONGHESHENGTAIXITONGZHONGJIANLIQIWENJIANXING,NEIMEJIEXIALAIDESHIFANGJIEDUANJIUHUIBIJIAOWENHE。

WEISHENMEYAOZAISHEQUZHONGCHANGSHIWENJIANXINGJIANSHE,ERBUSHIZAIGUOJIAHUOGUOJICENGMIANNI?ZHEISHIYINWEIZAISHEQUCENGMIANNENGZUIZHIJIE、ZUIYOUXIAODIGANYURENLEISHEHUITIXI。XIANZAIJINXINGQUANGUOXINGDEXINGDONGSHIHENNANDE。ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGBUJINZAIMEIGUOCUNZAI:JIHUSUOYOUSHIQINGDETAOLUNDOUHUIXUNSUBIANDEZHENGZHIHUA、LIANGJIHUAHEZHENGYIHUA。ERZAISHEQUCENGMIANWOMENKEYIZUIZHIJIEDIYUGOUCHENGWOMENSHEHUIDERENHEJIGOUHUDONG。ZAIZHEIGECENGMIANSHANG,WOMENYEZUIRONGYISHOUDAOSHEHUIJUECEDEYINGXIANG – WOMENKEYICONGSHIDEGONGZUOYOUNAXIE、WOMENKEYISHIYONGDESHESHIYOUNAXIE、YIJIRANGWOMENSHOUYIHUOSHOUXIANDEZHENGCEYOUNAXIEDENGDENG。BINGQIEZUIZHONGYAOYIDIANSHI,DUIYUWOMENZHEIYANGMEIYOUZHONGYAOZHENGJINGQUANLIDEDADUOSHUREN,SHEQUCENGMIANDEXINGDONGKEYIZUIZHIJIEDIYINGXIANGSHEHUI。LIRU,WOMENKEYIZUOWEIXUANMIN、LINJU、QIYEJIA、ZHIYUANZHE、GOUWUZHE、HUODONGJIAHUOMINXUANGUANYUANDENG,GONGXIANWOMENDELILIANG。

广东11选5ZI“HOUTANYANJIUSUO”CHENGLIYILAI,WOMENYIZHIZAIZHICHIZHEIFANGMIANDECHANGYIHEXINGDONG。TAMENWEIJIANSHESHEQUWENJIANXINGTIGONGLEYOUXIAODE、KEZAIDIFANGCENGMIANFUZHIDEQIESHIYINGLIQIANGDEMOXING。

2. CHUANBOHAODEXIANGFA

广东11选5Naomi Klein, ZAIQIZHUZUO《XIUKEZHUYI》(The shock Doctrine)ZHONGYINYONGLEJINGJIXUEJIAMilton FriedmanDEHUA:

“ZHIYOUYICHANGWEIJI – BUGUANSHISHISHISHANGCUNZAI,HAISHIZHIBEIGANZHIDAO – CAIHUIDAILAIZHENZHENGDEGAIBIAN。DANGZHEIYANGDEWEIJIFASHENGSHI,RENMENCAIQUDEXINGDONGWANGWANGSHIYIJUJIDINGDESIWEI。WORENWEI,WOMENDEJIBENZHINENGSHI:KAIFADANGQIANZHENGCEDETIDAIFANGAN,BINGBAOCHIQIHUOLIHEKEYONGXING,ZHIDAOZHENGCESHANGDEBUKENENGCHENGWEIZHENGCESHANGDEBUKEBIMIAN。”

RANER,FriedmanHEQITAXINZIYOUZHUYIJINGJIXUEJIAJISHINIANLAIYIZHICAIYONG“XIUKEZHUYI”LAIPOHUAIQUYUJINGJI、GUOJIAZHENGFUHEBENTUWENHUA,CONGERTUIDONGYOUQIYEZHUDAODEJINGJIQUANQIUHUAXIANGMU。QISHIKleinDEGUANDIANSHI,LIYONGWEIJIDEGUANJIANSHIZHIDINGYOUXIAODETIXIGAIGEJIHUA,RANHOUJINGDAISHIJICHENGSHU。DANGZHENGGESHEHUIPAIHUAIYUJIJUDIANFUXINGZHUANBIANDEBIANYUAN,ZHEICAISHIYIGEYOUYIYIDECELVE。

SUIZHEGONGYEHUAWENMINGDEBENGKUI,WOMENXUYAOZHUNBEIHAOSHENMEXIANGFAHEJINENGNI?POMENYONGXUSHEJI(permaculture)JIUSHIYIGEHUIJILEHENDUOHAOXIANGFAHESHIYONGJINENGDEXIANCHENGBAODIAN。ZHEISHIYIXILIEYIJINGDABAOHAOQIELIJIKEYONGDESHENGTAISHEJIGONGJU。70NIANDAIDEYIXIESHENGTAIXUEJIAZAILEJIEDAOGONGYEHUAWENMINGHUIZUIZHONGDADAOZIJIDEJIXIANHOU,CHUANGZAOLEPOMENYONGXUDESHEJILINIAN。LINGYITAOYOUXIAODEGONGJUSHIGONGSHIXIAOZUJUECEJIQIAO(consensus group decision making skills)。LEISIZHEIYANGHAODEXIANGFA、GONGJUHEJINENGHAIYOUHENDUO。

广东11选53. MIANXIANGCHUANGXINZHEHEXIANQICAINAZHE

广东11选5ZAOZAI1960NIAN,YIWEITONGXUNXUEJIAOSHOUEverett RogersJIUTICHULECHUANGXINKUOSANLILUN(Diffusion of Innovations)。GAILILUNMIAOSHULEXINXIANGFA、XINJISHUHESHEHUICHUANGXINZAIZHENGGEWENHUAZHONGCHUANBODEFANGSHI、YUANYINJISUDU。QILILUNYAODIANZAIYUBIANBIERENQUNZHONGBUTONGLEIXINGDEGETI,GENJURENMENYINGDUIHESHIYINGXINSHIWUDEFANGSHI,KEYIBATAMENHUAFENWEI:CHUANGXINZHE、XIANQICAINAZHE、XIANQIDUOSHU、WANQIDUOSHUHECHIHUANZHE。

CHUANGXINZHEHENZHONGYAO,DANSHITAMENNULIDECHENGGONGYUFOUQUJUEYUCHUANGXINZAIXIANQICAINAZHEZHONGDEKUOSAN。ZHEIXIERENWANGWANGSHULIANGBUDUO,DANSHIZAIRENQUNZHONGJUYOUTEBIEDEYINGXIANGLI。

广东11选5ZAI“HOUTANYANJIUSUO”,WOMENJUEDINGZHUANZHUYUHEXIANQICAINAZHEDEGOUTONG。

4. BANGZHURENMENLEJIEQUANJUGUAN

广东11选5BUSHISUOYOURENDOUKEYICHENGSHOUYOUGUANWENMINGBENGTADETAOLUN。YOUXIERENZAIXINLISHANGTAICUIRUOLE。ERWOMENSUOYOURENOUERYEXUYAOFANGSONGYIXIA,XUYAOSHIJIANLAIGANSHOUHEXIAOHUAZHEIYANGDEJUMIANSUODAILAIDEQINGXUHESIKAO。DANSHIDUIYUNEIXIENENGGOUJIENAZHEIXIEXINXIBINGYIJIUNENGXINGDONGQILAIDERENLAISHUO,QUANJUGUANTIGONGLEYOUJIAZHIDESHIJIAO。TAZHENGSHILEWOMENXUDUORENDEZHIJUE。TAHAIWEISUOXUDEZHANLVEXINGDONGTIGONGLEYIGEBEIJING。

WOJINGCHANGBEIWENDAOSHIFOUDUIWEILAIHUAIYOUXIWANG。WOTONGCHANGDEHUIDASHIZHEIYANGDE:XIWANGBUJINSHIDUIYIHOUGENGMEIHAOSHIGUANGDEQIDAI,YESHIYIZHONGJIJIDETAIDU,SHISHIXIANZUIYOUKENENGJIEGUODEJUEXIN,WULUNMIANDUIDESHISHENMEYANGDETIAOZHAN。“HOUTANYANJIUSUO”DECHENGYUANDavid OrrDUICIXIEXIALEZUIHAODEZONGJIE:“XIWANGSHIYIGENENGRANGRENJUANQIXIUZIXINGDONGDEDONGCI。”

广东11选5RANER,RUGUOJIUXIWANGDETAOLUNERYAN,JINJINSHIZHONGXINDINGYIZHEIGECISIHUTAIGUOQINGQIAOSUIYI。TIWENZHEXUYAOYIXIEHELIDELIYOU,CAIHUIXIANGXINYIGEBUNEIMEKEPADEJIEJUSHIKENENGDE。QISHIWOMENDEQUEYOUBURONGHUSHIDEZHENGJULAISHUOMINGZHEIYIDIAN。

广东11选5Steven PinkerZAITADEZHUZUO《RENXINGZHONGDETIANSHI》(The Better Angels of Our Nature)ZHONGZHICHU,WOMENRENLEIZHENGZAIBIANDEGENGJIADEHEPINGXIEZUO。XIANZAIKEYISHUO,GUOQUJISHINIANJIANDERENHEBAOLISHIJIANDEXIAJIANGDOUKEYIKANZUOSHIWENMINGCHUYUWEICHIJIEDUANDELINGYIGEJIXIANG:DEYIYUHUASHIRANLIAOSUODAILAIDECAIFULIUDONG,WOMENYIJINGHUODELEYIZHONGQUANLIDEJUNHENG – KENENGBAOLIZHISHIZANSHIBEIGEZHI,ZHIDAODABABENGTADENEIYIKE,WOMENYEJIUJINRULESHIYINGXINGXUNHUANDESHIFANGJIEDUAN。WULUNRUHE,JINHUASHIZHENSHIDE。DUIYURENLEIERYAN,TONGGUOWENHUADEJINHUABIJIYINJINHUAKUAIDEDUO。YINCI,WOMENRENLEIWANQUANYOUKENENGXUNSUJINHUADAONENGZAIJIAODADEQUNTILIGUOGENGHEPINGDESHENGHUO。

ZHIQIANWOJIESHAOLEYIXIESHENJINGKEXUEFANGMIANDEFAXIAN。TAMENYOUZHUYULIJIEWEISHENMEZAIMIANDUIWENMINGCUNWANGDEKEPAWEIXIESHI,WOMENZHONGDEHENDUORENDOUHUIXUANZEFOURENHETAOBI。SHENJINGKEXUEYETIGONGLEYIXIEHAOXIAOXI。TAGAOSUWOMEN,RENLEIDEHEZUOCHONGDONGYISHENSHENGENZHIYUWOMENDEJINHUASHIZHONG,JIURUTONGNEIXIEJINGZHENGDECHONGDONG。ZIWOYUESHUHEDUITARENDETONGLIXINZERUTONGWOMENDEYUYANNENGLIYIYANG,BUFENYAOTONGGUOXUEXIKAIFACAINENGHUODE。WOMENJICHENGLEZISIRENXINGDETONGSHI,YECHENGXILELITADENENGLI。DANSHISHEHUIWENHUATONGCHANGHUITUIDONGWOMENXIANGHOUZHEDEFANGXIANGFAZHAN。ZHENGRUFUMUMENTONGCHANGBEITICHANGJIAODAOTAMENDEHAIZIQUFENXIANG,ERBUSHILANGFEIHUOZIDA。

广东11选5ZAINANYANJIU(Disaster research)GAOSUWOMEN,ZAIWEIJIDEZAOQIJIEDUAN,RENMENTONGCHANGHUIYIGAODUHEZUOHEZIWOXISHENGZUOCHUHUIYING(WOCENGZAIJIALIFUNIYAZHOUSHENGLUOSHASHEQUDEHUOZAIHOU,QINYANJIANZHENGLEZHEIYIDIAN)。DANRUGUOKUNKUDEQINGKUANGCHIXUXIAQU,RENMENKENENGHUIZHUANERXIANGHUZEBEI,BINGQIEZHENGDUOXIQUEZIYUAN。

广东11选5SUOYOUZHEIXIEDOUBIAOMING,SHEQUCHENGYUANZHIJIANDEGUANXIJIQIZHONGYAO。TAHENKENENGHUIYINGXIANGWOMENJIANGRUHEDUGUOZHEICHANGJIJIANGDAOLAIDEWEIJI。ZHEIHENDACHENGDUSHANGQUJUEYUWOMENSHIFOUHUIZUOCHULIYUSHEHUI(pro-social)DETAIDUHEFANYING,TONGSHIEZHIZEBEIHEKONGHUANGQINGXU。ZUOWEIZHILIYUJIANLISHEQUWENJIANXINGDEREN,WOMENXUYAOBIMIANMANGMUTUICHONGHEZHANGPIANDALUN。WOMENXUYAODESHISUZAOGONGTONGDEJIAZHIGUAN。SUOYOURENBIXUMINGBAI,WOMENYAOYIQIMIANDUIZHEICHANGWEIJI。ZHEISHIQUANJUGUANDEZUOYONGJIUSHIBANGZHURENMENLIJIEWENMINGDEBENGTABUSHIRENHEYIGEQUNTIDECUO。ZHIYOUTUANJIEYIZHI,WOMENCAIYOUXIWANGNENGWANJIUHEBAOHUZHEIGESHIJIESHANGZHENZHENGYOUJIAZHIDEDONGXI。SHENZHIGAISHANZHANGQIDESHENGHUOSHUIPING。

ZHEISHIFENGYUYULAIDESHIQI。DANBINGBUYIWEIZHEWOMENDUICIWUNENGWEILI。JINHOUMEIYIGEXUNCHANGDERIZILI,WOMENDOUYOUBIAODAGANENHECAIQUXINGDONGDEJIHUI。

广东11选5BENWENDEFANYIYOUYAOJINGWENWANCHENG。ZHANGLANHEHOUJINGDUIWENZHANGJINXINGLESHENYUEHEXIAODUI。JINZAICIYIBINGZHIXIE。

ZUOZHEJIANJIE:

广东11选5Richard Heinberg SHISHISANBENSHUDEZUOZHE,QIZHONGBAOKUO:

- 《WOMENDEKEZAISHENGWEILAI》Our Renewable Future (2016)

- 《RANJINZHIHOU》Afterburn (2015)

- 《SHEYOU》Snake Oil (2013)

- 《ZENGZHANGDEZHONGJIE》The End of Growth (2011)

广东11选5- 《YIQIEDEDINGDIAN》Peak Everything (2007)

- 《PAIDUIJIESHULE》The Party's Over (2005)

“JIAYUANJIHUAAnotherLand”YU2009NIANZAIQINGDAO(LAOSHAN)QIBU,YUJI2009-2035NIANJIANZHIZAITONGGUOXINGDONGZHONGJIAN“JIAYUAN”DEZIRAN、SHEHUIHEXINLINGSHUXING,YIFANSIJIQIANNIANLAIRENMENMIANLINDEZHONGZHONGYINWUFALIJIEBICIERZAOCHENGDEHUXIANGSHANGHAI。GAIJIHUAZHILIYUKEJI、JINGJI、WENHUAHEJIAOYULINGYUDEYANJIUYUTANSUO,YIKEFUDANGDAIRENMENPUBIANDEJIAOLV,DIDAGENGWEICHUNJINGDEJINGSHEN。BINGYICIJIANXINGGUANYUSHENGHUOFANGSHIXINDEYANGBEN,TANXUNRENMENDANGDAISHENGHUOZHONGSHIJIANHEKONGJIANDEWANZHENGXING。