广东11选5

什么是量子?--北京大学量子材料科学中心吴飙教授

JIANMINGLIANGZILIXUESHENMESHILIANGZISHENMESHIYIZI?YIZISHIYOUKAOBEIDEDENGZI。ZHEIGEHUIDAJIESHAOLEYIZIDEGONGNENG:KEYIRANGNIZUOXIALAI。TONGSHIYOUZHICHULEYIZIHEDENGZIDEQUBIE:YIZIYOUKAOBEI,ZUOSHANGQUGENGSHUFUXIE。DUIYUGANG...


JIANMINGLIANGZILIXUE

SHENMESHILIANGZI

SHENMESHIYIZI?YIZISHIYOUKAOBEIDEDENGZI。ZHEIGEHUIDAJIESHAOLEYIZIDEGONGNENG:KEYIRANGNIZUOXIALAI。TONGSHIYOUZHICHULEYIZIHEDENGZIDEQUBIE:YIZIYOUKAOBEI,ZUOSHANGQUGENGSHUFUXIE。DUIYUGANGRENZIDEXIAOHAIHUOZHENGZAIXUEZHONGWENDEGUOJIYOUREN,ZHEIYANGJIANDUANDEHUIDAJIUGOULE。NEIXIEDUIYIZIYOUNONGHOUXINGQUDEREN,TAMENKEYIZHAODAOGENGDUODEZILIAO,BIRUYIBENZHUANMENJIESHAOYIZIDESHU,ZAINEILILEJIEYIZIDELISHI,GEZHONGBUTONGYIZIDEWENHUAGENYUANDENGDENG。

广东11选5SHENMESHILIANGZI?LIANGZIDEYINGWENSHIquantum,YUANZILADINGWENquantus,TADEYUANYISHI“DUOSHAO”。LIANGZIXIANZAISHIGEWULIZHUANYEMINGCI,TASHICHANGDEZUIXIAOJIFA。BIRU,DIANCICHANGDEZUIXIAOJIFASHIGUANGZI,JIDIANCICHANGDELIANGZISHIGUANGZI。SUOYOUDEJIBENLIZIDOUSHIMOUGECHANGDELIANGZI(ZUIXIAOJIFA)。CHULEGUANGZI,ZHEIXIELIANGZI(ZUIXIAOJIFA)HAIBAOKUODIANZI、KUAKE、ZHONGWEIZI、JIAOZIDENG。 ZHIZIBUSHILIANGZI,YINWEIZHIZISHIYOUKUAKEGOUCHENGDEFUHELIZI。TONGLIQINGYUANZIBUSHILIANGZI。PULANGKEZAI1900 NIANZUIZAOFAXIANLEZHEIGEZIRANJIEDEJIBENGUILV,TAFAXIANGUANGDENENGLIANGBIXUANZHAOYI GEZUIXIAODEDANWEIJUNYUNDIFENCHENGFEN。

广东11选5ZHEISHIWONENGJIDEZUIJIANDUANDEHUIDA,BIGUANYUYIZIDEHUIDAZHANGLEHENDUO。GENGYANZHONGDESHI,RUGUONIDUIWULIBIJIAOSHENGSHU,NIDUWANYIHOUKENENGYIRANSHIYITOUWUSHUI,NAOZIHUICHUXIANGENGDUODEWENTI:SHENMESHICHANG?JIFASHISHENME?WEILEHUIDAZHEIXIEXINWENTI,WOBUDEBUSHIYONGYIXIEXINDEWULIMINGCI;YUSHINIHUIYOUXINWENTI,WOKAISHIYINRUGENGDUODEWULIMINGCI。RUCIFANFU,ZUIHOUWOFAXIANBIXUXIEYIBENSHUCAINENGHUIDA,SHENMESHILIANGZI?ZAIQIANGLIEDEHAOQIXINQUDONGXIA,NIKAISHIQIDAIWOJIANGYAOXIEDESHU,HUOZHEZHEJIDIKAISHIKANQITAJIESHAOLIANGZILIXUEDESHU。HENKUAINIHUIFAXIAN,ZHEIBIDUYIBENZHUANMENJIESHAOYIZIDESHUNANDUOLE:NIBIXUXUEYIXIEXINSHUXUE,BIRUJUZHENDEZHISHI,HAIYAOZUOYIXIELIANXI。JIUXIANGNIDUYIBENWEIJIFENFANGMIANDESHU,RUGUONIBUDONGBISUANJIGEWEIFENJIFEN,NISHIBUKENENGZHENZHENGDUDONGZHEIBENSHU,LEJIESHENMESHIWEIJIFENDE。YIDUANSHIJIANYIHOU,FEICHANGYOUKENENGNIYUDAODEKUNNANKAISHIHENIDEHAOQIXINJINGZHENG。WOXIWANGNIDEHAOQIXINHUIYINGDESHENGLI,NIHUIJIANCHIBASHUDUWAN。

WOZAIBENWENCAIQUYIGEZHEZHONGFANGAN,YONGYIDUANBUSHEJISHUXUEDEWENZILAIJIESHAOLIANGZILIXUE。WOXIWANGDUZHEDUWANYIHOUDUILIANGZILIXUEYOUGEWANZHENGDEDAZHIDELEJIE,TONGSHINENGQINGCHUDIZHIDAOSHENMEBUSHILIANGZI?CONGERNENGFENBIANRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGPENGDAODEGEZHONG“LIANGZI” ZHAOPAIDEXUSHI。

广东11选5PULANGKE1900NIANDEFAXIANSHIHUASHIDAIDE,TABUJINGYIJIANTUIKAILELIANGZISHIJIEDEDAMEN。TABEIZUNCHENGWEILIANGZIZHIFU。HOULAIXUDUOWEIDADEWULIXUEJIA,BAOKUOAIYINSITAN、BOER、DE·BULUOYI、HAISENBAO、DILAKE、FEIMI、XUEDINGE,ZAISHIYANDEQIFAXIAJIXUYANZHEPULANGKEKAICHUANGDEDAOLUTANSUO,ZUIHOUZAI1926NIANCHUANGLILEYIGEWANZHENGDEXINDEWULILILUNKUANGJIA,LIANGZILIXUE(quantum mechanics)。

RENMENXIANZAIXIGUANXINGYONG “LIANGZI” LAIMINGMINGHEJIEDINGRENHEHELIANGZILIXUEXIANGGUANDEGAINIAN、XUEKE、JISHUHEQIJIANDENG。JUJIGELIZI。WEILEHEXINXISHANGDENGQUBIE,WULIXUEJIABAZAILIANGZILIXUEDELILUNKUANGJIALIDINGYIDESHANGCHENGZUOWEILIANGZISHANG。LIANGZIHUAXUESHIHUAXUEDEYIGEFENZHI,ZAIZHEILIHUAXUEJIAMENSHI TULIYONGLIANGZILIXUEDELILUNQULIJIEYUANZIFENZIDEGUANGPU,FENZIZHONGJIANDEXINGCHENGDENG。LIANGZIDIANSHI WULIXUEJIAZAISHIYANSHILIJIAGONGCHULAIDEJIGENAMIDAXIAODEQIJIAN,DIANZIYOUYUBEIXIANZHIZAIYIGEHENXIAODEKONGJIANYUNDONG,CONGERJUYOUBULIANXUDEFENLIDELIANGZINENGTAI,BIXUYONGLIANGZILIXUECAINENGLIJIE。

广东11选5LIANGZILIXUESHIYICHANGKEXUESHANGDEGEMING,JIHUDIANFULEYINIUDUNLIXUEWEIDAIBIAODEJINGDIANWULIDESUO YOUGUANNIAN。ZAIWOKANLAI,ZHEIGEGEMINGBIXIANGDUILUNGENGSHENKE,GENGJUCHONGJILI。ZHEIZHUYAOTIXIANZAIRUXIALIUGEFANGMIAN。

广东11选51. LIANGZIXING - QIANMIANJIESHAOLELIANGZISHIWULIZHONGGEZHONGJIBENCHANGDEZUIXIAODANWEIJIFA。JIFASHIGEWULIMINGCI,ZHIDESHITONGGUOSHURUYIXIENENGLIANGLAIRAODONGYIGEWULIXITONG。BIRUJIAODONGYIPENWANQUANJINGZHIDESHUI。RICHANGDEJINGYANGAOSUWOMEN,YUANZESHANGWOMENZHIYAOZUGOUXIAOXIN,JIAODONGKE YILIANXUDICONGLINGYIZHIJIANJIANZENGDA,ZHENGPENSHUIZEHUICONGYOUQINGWEIDEBOWENZHUJIANBIANDESHUIHUASIJIAN。YEJIUSHISHUO,ZAIJINGDIANWULILI,JIFASHIKEYIRENYIXIAODE。DANLIANGZILIXUEGAOSUWOMEN,DUIYUZIRANJIEDEGEZHONGJIBENCHANG,BIRUDIANCICHANG,ZHEISHIBUKENENGDE,JIFABIXUDAYUYIGEZUIXIAODEDANWEI,JILIANGZI。ZHEISHIZUIZAOFAXIANDEYIGELIANGZILIXUEDEJIBENTEZHENG,HEJINGDIANWULIYOUZHEGENBENDEBUTONG。LIANGZILIXUEYEYOUCIERDEMING。

2. HAISENBAOBUQUEDINGXINGYUANLI - DANGNIZUOZAISHAFASHANGKANSHIJIEBEISHI,NIDEWEIZHISHIQUEDINGDE,NIDESUDUYESHIQUEDINGDE,LING。NIDEDAOHANGQIHUIGAOSUNIZAISHENMEDIFANGYINGGAIYOUZHUANTONGSHIYEHUITIXINGNIYIJINGCHAOSULE。ZHEIXIERICHANGJINGYANGAOSUWOMEN:YIGEWUTIDEWEIZHIHESUDUSHIKEYITONGSHIZHUNQUECELIANGDE。ZHEIHENIUDUNLIXUEWANQUANWENHE。ZAINIUDUNLIXUELI,YIGELIZIDEWEIZHIHESUDUBUDANKEYITONGSHIZHUNQUECELIANGERQIEBIXUKEYIZHUNQUECELIANG,BURANWOMENDOUWUFAQUEDINGYIGELIZIDEYUNDONGZHUANGTAI。ZAILIANGZILIXUELI,SHIQINGBIANDEFEICHANGBUYIYANG。HAISENBAOBUQUEDINGXINGYUANLIGAOSUWOMENTONGSHIZHUNQUEDIHUOQUWEIZHIHESUDUSHIBUKENENGDE:RUGUONIZHUNQUEZHIDAOYIGELIZIDEWEIZHI,NIJIUBUNENGZHUNQUEZHIDAOTADESUDU;FANZHIYIRAN。WOMENZAIRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGGANSHOUBUDAOHAISENBAOBUQUEDINGXINGYUANLIDEXIAOYING。YUANYINSHIWOMENPINGSHIDUIWEIZHIHESUDUDECELIANGZAIYUANZICHIDUSHANGHAIFEICHANGBUJINGQUE。

YOUYUHAISENBAOBUQUEDINGXINGYUANLI,YIGEYUANZIZAIJUEDUILINGDU(ZIRANYUNXUDEZUIDIWENDU)SHIYEBUHUIBEIWANQUAN“DONG”ZHU。RUGUOYUANZIWANQUAN “DONG” ZHUBUDONGLE,NEITADEWEIZHIJIUQUEDINGLE,SUDUSHILINGSUOYIYESHIQUEDINGDE。ZHEIWEIFANHAISENBAOBUQUEDINGXINGYUANLI,YINCISHIJIESHANGMEIYOUWANQUANJINGZHIDEYUANZI。JISHIZAIJUEDUILINGDU,YUANZIYEHUIZHENDONG。WULIXUEJIABAZHEIZHONGZHENDONGJIAOZUO “LINGDIANZHENDONG”。HAIYUANZIDE“LINGDIANZHENDONG”YOUQIXIANZHU,YIZHIYUHAIZAIJUEDUILINGDURENGRANCHUYUYETIZHUANGTAI。ZAIJUEDUILINGDUSHI,ZHIYOUHAIHAINENGCHUYUYETAI,SUOYOUQITAWUZHIDOUHUIBIANCHENGGUTI。YOUYUZHEIGEYUANYIN,YEHAICHENGWEISUOYOUJIDIWENZHILENGJIDEBIXUGONGZUOWUZHI。

3. TAIDIEJIAYUANLI - ZAIJINGDIANWULIMIAOSHUDESHIJIELI,RENHEYIGEWUTIZAIRENHESHIKEDOUYOUQUEDINGDEWEIZHI。ZHEIHEWOMENRICHANGDEJINGYANFEICHANGFUHE:NIZAISHANGBANJIUBUKENENGZAIJIALIXIUXI;DANGJINGCHANACHUJIANKONGLUXIANGZHENGSHINIZAIFANZUIXIANCHANG,MEIRENHUIXIANGXINNINEIGESHIHOUZAIJIALISHUIJUE。

DANZAILIANGZISHIJIE,JILIANGZILIXUEMIAOSHUDESHIJIELI,YIGEWUTIKEYITONGSHICHUYULIANGGEBU TONGDEDIDIANHUOJUYOUBUTONGDESUDU。BIRUQINGYUANZIZHONGDEDIANZIKEYITONGSHICHUYUZHIZIDEZUOBIANHEYOUBIAN,DIANZIHAIKEYITONGSHIRAOZHEZHIZISHUNSHIZHENZHUANHENISHIZHENZHUAN。XUEDINGEMAOZESHIDUIZHEIGESHENQIERGUGUAIDELIANGZIXIANXIANGDEXIJUXINGMIAOSHU:YIZHIMAOKEYITONGSHISHIHUODEHESIDE。LEISIDI,YIPENSHUIKEYITONGSHISHILENGDEHEREDE;TAIYANGKEYITONGSHIZAIDONGFANGSHENGQIHEXIFANGLUOXIA。ZHEIXIEQINGKUANGNIDANGRANCONGLAIMEIYOUPENGDAOGUO。DANGENJULIANGZILIXUE,ZHEIXIEXIANXIANGZAIYUANZESHANGDOUKEYIFASHENG。ZHIYUZHEIXIESHENQIDELIANGZIXIANXIANGWEISHENMEZHICHUXIANZAIWEIGUANSHIJIEERZAIRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGKANBUDAO,WULIXUEJIAHAIZAITANSUOZHONG。

4. LIANGZISUIJIXING - JIASHEYOUYIGELIZI,TACHUYUYIGEWEIZHIDEDIEJIATAI,JITATONGSHICHUYUA DIANHEB DIAN。XIANZAIWOMENDUITADEWEIZHIJINXINGCELIANG,QUERENTADAODIWEIYUHECHU。LIANGZILIXUEGAOSUWOMENCELIANGJIEGUOSHISUIJIDE:KENENGSHIA YEKENENGSHIB。DANZHEIZHONGSUIJIXINGHEWOMENRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGYUDAOSUIJIXIANXIANGYOUGENBENDEBUTONG。

RICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGDESUIJIXIANXIANGLAIZIWOMENDEWUZHI:YIGEXIANGZIYOUHONGBAILIANGZHONGQIU,RUGUOXIANG ZISHITOUMINGDE,NINENGZHUNQUEDINADAONIXIANGYAODEHONGSE;RUGUOXIANGZIBUTOUMING,NIXIANGNADAONIXIHUANDEHONGSEZHINENGXIWANGDEDAOXINGYUNNVSHENDEJUANGU。ZAILIANGZILIXUELI,CELIANGJIEGUODESUIJIXINGSHINEIZAIDE,YUANZISHANGMIANTIDAODETAIDIEJIAYUANLI。ZAIXIANGZILINEIXIEQIUSHILIANGZIDE,CHUYUHONGSEHEBAISEDEDIEJIATAI,NEIMEJISHINEIGEXIANGZISHITOUMINGDE,NIYEWUFABAOZHENGNIMEICINENGNADAOHONGSEQIU。

5. LIANGZIQUANTONGXING - ZAIWOMENRICHANGDEHONGGUANSHIJIELI,XIANGTONGQISHISHIGEJINSIDEGAINIAN。DANGWOMENSHUOLIANGGEWUTIXIANGTONGSHI,WOMENQISHISHIZAISHUODUIYUWOMENGUANXINDEXINGZHIZHEILIANGGEWUTIMEIYOUQUBIE;ZHIYAOGUANCHAZUGOUZIXI,WOMENHAISHINENGQUBIETAMENDE。BIRULIANGMEIYIYUANDEYINGBI,RUGUOWOMENZHISHIYONGTAMENMAIDONGXI,JISHITAMENYIXINYIJIU,WOMENYERENWEITAMENMEIYOUQUBIE。RUGUOWOMENYIDINGYAOQUFENTAMEN,NEIMEJISHILIANGMEIYINGBIDOUSHIZHANXINDE,WOMENYENENGZHAOCHUBANFALAIQUBIETAMEN,BIRUYONGXIANWEIJING。WOMENYIBANWUFAQUFENTONGLUANSHUANGBAOTAI, DANTAMENDEFUMUZONGSHINENGQUFEN,YINWEIFUMUGUANCHADEGENGZIXI。

DANZAILIANGZILIXUELI,XIANGTONGJIUCHENGLEJUEDUIDEGAINIAN。LIANGGEDIANZISHIXIANGTONGDE,NIBUKENENGYONGRENHEFANGFABATAMENQUFENKAI;LIANGGEGUANGZISHIXIANGTONGDE,NIBUKENENGYONGRENHEFANGFABATAMENQUFENKAI。WEILEQIANGDIAOZHEIZHONGJUEDUIDEXIANGTONG,ZAILIANGZILIXUELI,WOMENCHENGDIANZISHIQUANTONG DE,GUANGZISHIQUANTONGDE。ZHEIZHONGLIANGZIDEQUANTONGXINGHUITIXIANZAITONGJIGAILVLI。WOMENJUGELIZI。JIASHEYOULIANGMEIYINGBI,TAMENYOUSIZHONGZHUANGTAI:LIANGMEIDOUCHAOSHANG、LIANGMEIDOUCHAOXIA、YINGBI1CHAOSHANGYINGBI2CHAOXIA、YINGBI2CHAOSHANGYINGBI1CHAOXIA。DANSHIRUGUOZHEILIANGMEIYINGBIJUYOULIANGZIQUANTONGXING,NEIMETAMENZUIDUOZHINENGYOUSANZHONGZHUANGTAI:LIANGMEIDOUCHAOSHANG、LIANGMEIDOUCHAOXIA、 YIMEIYINGBICHAOSHANGYIMEIYINGBICHAOXIA。YINWEINIMEIYOURENHEBANFAQUFENZHEILIANGMEIYINGBI,NIJIUBUNENGZHIDINGNAGESHIYINGBI1NAGESHIYINGBI2。DUIYUTONGCHANGDEYINGBI,NEISIZHONGKENENGXINGZHONGDEMEIZHONGCHUXIANDEJILVSHI1/4,SUOYIYIMEIYINGBICHAOSHANGYIMEIYINGBICHAOXIACHUXIANDEJILVSHI1/2。DANDUIYUQUANTONGDELIANGZIYINGBI,YIMEIYINGBICHAOSHANGYIMEIYINGBICHAOXIACHUXIANDEJILVSHI1/3HUOZHE1。

6. LIANGZIJIUCHAN - DANGNICONGMANGCHUMENLVXING,DAODAMUDEDIHOUFAXIANBAOLIZHIYOUYIZHIYOUSHOUSHOUTAO。WULUNNILIJIADUOYUAN,NILIKEZHIDAOBEIYIWANGZAIJIALIDENEIZHISHOUTAOSHIZUOSHOUDE。QIANLONGHUANGDIYU1795NIAN1YUE22RIXUANBURANGWEIJIAQING,JIAQINGHUANGDIDEQUANWEISHUNJIANFUGAILEZHENGGEGUANGMAODEQINGCHAODIGUO:XINJIANGDECHENMINBUNENGYINWEIJITIANHOUCAISHOUDAOZHEIGEXIAOXIERBUCHENGRENJIAQINGHUANGDI1YUE22RIDANGTIANBANBUDEZHAOSHU。ZAIRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGWOMENJINGCHANGYUDAOZHEIZHONGSHUNJIANDEBUFEISHIDEXINXIGUANLIAN,WEILEFANGBIANQIJIANWOMENBATAJIAOZUOJINGDIANCHAOJUGUANLIAN。CHAOJUSHIGEWULIMINGCI,YONGLAIMIAOSHUBUXUYAOHUAFEISHIJIANJIUKEYICHUANYUERENHEKONGJIANJULIDEXIANXIANG。ZHEIZHONGCHAOJUGUANLIANFASHENGDEQIANTITIAOJIANSHI,WOMENSHIXIANZHANGWOSHIQINGDEZHENGTIQINGKUANG:YIFUSHOUTAOZONGSHIYOUYIZHIZUOSHOUSHOUTAOHEYIZHIYOUSHOUSHOUTAO;DAQINGHUANGDIBANBUDEFALVWUTIAOJIANZAIZHENGGEQINGCHAODIGUOLIKESHENGXIAO。

广东11选5LIANGZISHIJIELIYEYOULEISIDECHAOJUGUANLIAN,WULIXUEJIABATACHENGZUOLIANGZIJIUCHAN。JIASHEYOULIANGGELIANGZILIZIJIAHEYI,TAMENCHUYUYIGELIANGZIZHUANGTAI,YIGELIZIJUYOUSUDUv LINGYIGEJUYOUSUDU−v。NEIMEDANGWOMENTONGGUOCELIANGLEJIEDAOJIALIZIJUYOUSUDU−v,NEIMEWULUNYILIZILIDEDUOYUANWOMENLIKEHUIZHIDAOYILIZIJUYOUSUDUv。LIANGZIJIUCHANDEZHEIZHONGCHAOJUGUANLIANHEJINGDIANCHAOJUGUANLIANSHIRUCILEISI,YIZHIYUHENZHANGSHIJIANWULIXUEJIARENWEITAMENJIUSHIYIHUISHI。ZHIDAO1964NIAN,WULIXUEJIABEIER(Bell)ZHENGMINGLEYIGEZHUMINGDEBUDENGSHI,WULIXUEJIACAIYISHIDAOTAMENDEBUTONG。BEIERFAXIANJINGDIANCHAOJUGUANLIANZONGSHIMANZUZHEIGEBUDENGSHI;ERLIANGZIJIUCHANZEKEYIWEIFANZHEIGEBUDENGSHI。WULIXUEJIAYIJINGZAISHIYANSHANGDUILIANGZIJIUCHANJINXINGLEZIXIDEGUANCHA,FAXIANTAQUESHIHUIWEIFANBEIERBUDENGSHI。KEXIBEIERBUDENGSHISHEJIYIXIESHUXUE,WOWUFAZAIZHEILIXIANGXICHANSHU。

广东11选5CHULECHAOJUGUANLIAN,LIANGZIJIUCHANHAIYOUYIGEJINGRENTEZHENG:JIUCHANDELIZIHUISHIQUZIWO。RUGUONILEJIEYIDUIFUQI,NEIMESHUOMINGNILEJIEFUQISHUANGFANGGEZIDETEDIAN,BIRUZHANGFUBIJIAOCHENMOQIZIBIJIAOJIANTAN。DANSHIRUGUOZHEIDUIFUQICHUYULIANGZIJIUCHANTAI,NEIMEZHANGFUHUIJUYOUQIZIDEXINGGEERQIZIYEHUIJUYOUZHANGFUDEXINGGE:TAMENLIANGRENDOUJICHENMOYOUJIANTAN,TAMENSHIQULEDULIDEZIWO。XINGHAORICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGLIANGZIJIUCHANXIAOYINGWANQUANXIAOSHILE,BURANWOMENDESHENGHUOHUIFEICHANGYOUQU。WULIXUEJIAQIJINHAIMEIYOUWANQUANLIJIELIANGZIJIUCHANXIAOYINGWEISHENMEZAIRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGXIAOSHILE。

WULIXUEJIAYIJINGPUBIANJIESHOULEKANQILAIWUBIGUGUAIDELIANGZILIXUE,YUANYINSHITAFEICHANGFEICHANGDECHENGGONG。LIANGZILIXUEBUDANNENGJINGQUEDIMIAOSHULEKUAKE、ZHONGWEIZI、YUANZIDENGWEIGUANLIZIDEXINGWEI,YENENGHENHAODIJIESHIJINSHUWEISHENMEHUIDAODIAN、CITIEWEISHENMEHUIYOUCIXING。LIANGZILIXUESHIWULIXUELIZUICHENGGONGDELILUN,HEXIANGDUILUNYIQIGOUCHENGLEWULIXUEDELIANGDALILUNZHIZHU。HESUOYOUCHENGGONGDEWULILILUNYIYANG,LIANGZILIXUECUISHENGLEXUDUOGEMINGXINGDEJISHU。

广东11选5WOMENXIANLAIKANKANBEISHOUMEITIGUANZHUDELIANGZITONGXINHELIANGZIJISUANJI。LIANGZITONGXINZHUYAOSHILIYONGLIANGZILIXUEDEJIBENYUANLILAISHIXIANDUITONGXINDEJIAMI。ZHEIXIANGJISHUDEJIBENYUANLIZAISHANGSHIJIJIUSHINIANDAIJIUYIJINGJIBENWANSHAN,RENMENYEWANQUANLEJIETADEKENENGYONGTU。XIANZAIJISHUCENGCISHANGHAIYOUTIGAODEKENENG,TADEKENENGYINGYONGYEZHIDEJINYIBUTANTAO。DANDAXINGKUAGUOGONGSI(BIRU,GUGE、WEI RUAN、IBM)SIHUKANDANTADESHANGYEYINGYONGJIAZHI,ZAIZHEIGELINGYUTOURUDEJIJIXINGYUANXUNYULIANGZIJISUAN。WULUNZENYANG,LIANGZITONGXINJISHUDEFAZHANYIRANDAIBIAOZHERENLEITIAOZHANJISHUJIXIANDEYONGQI:WOMENDAODINENGZAIDUODADEKONGJIANCHIDUSHANGKONGZHILIANGGELIZIJIANDELIANGZIJIUCHANNI?

广东11选5LIANGZIJISUANJISHITUSHIXIANPUTONGJISUANJIDEGONGNENG,DANTADEYUNXINGYUANLIZEFEICHANGBUYIYANG,SHIJIYULIANGZILIXUEDEJIBENYUANLI。WEILEBIANYUQUFEN,WOMENBAXIANZAISUICHUKEJIANDEJISUANJIJIAOZUOJING DIANJISUANJI。KEXUEJIAFAXIANLIANGZIJISUANJIKENENGBIJINGDIANJISUANJIGENGQIANGDA。DANSHIQIJINKEXUEJIAZHINENGZHANSHILIANGZIJISUANJIZAIZHENGSHUYINZIFENJIE、SUIJISOUSUODENGSHAOSHUWENTISHANGBIJINGDIANJISUANJIYOUYUE,KEXUEJIAYEBINGBUWANQUANQINGCHULIANGZIJISUANJIWEISHENMEBIJINGDIANJISUANJIQIANGDA。GENGZHONGYAODESHI,LIANGZIJISUANJIDEJISHUNANDUFEICHANGDA。JINGUANGEGUOZHENGFUHESHIJIEZUIDADEKUAGUOGONGSI(BIRU,GU GE、WEIRUAN、IBM)TOURULEDALIANGDERENLIHEWULILAIFAZHANLIANGZIJISUANFANGMIANDEJISHU,WOMENYIRANMEIYOUYITAIKEYISHIYONGDELIANGZIJISUANJI。WOGERENGUANDIANSHI,ZAIKEYUJIANDEWEILAI,BIRU50NIANYINEI,RENLEIHAIZAOBUCHUZAIJISUANSUDUSHANGCHAOYUEJINGDIANJISUANJIDELIANGZIJISUANJI。

ZONGZHI,LIANGZITONGXINHELIANGZIJISUANJILIWOMENDERICHANGSHENGHUOHAIYUAN。MEITIDUILIANGZITONGXINHELIANGZIJISUANJIYINGYONGQIANJINGDEBAODAOGUOYULEGUAN。ZHEIXIEBAOXIBUBAOYOUDEMEITIBAODAOSHI “LIANGZI” CHENGWEIYIGESHIMAODELIUXINGCI,HENDUOSHANGJIADOUJIEJITUICHULEHENDUOHUNXIAOSHITINGDE “LIANGZI” CHANPIN。SHISHISHANGZHEIXIECHANPINHELIANGZILIXUEMEIYOURENHEZHIJIEHUOJIANJIEDEGUANXI。JUWOLEJIE,CHULEYIGELIWAI,SHICHANGSHANGSUOYOUYI“LIANGZI”MINGMINGDECHANPINHELIANGZILIXUEMEIYOURENHEGUANXI,ZHISHIYI ZHONGYINGXIAOSHOUDUAN。ZHEIGELIWAISHILIANGZIDIANXIANSHIQI,TASHUYUWOMENXIAMIANYAOTAOLUNDEYINXINGLIANGZIJISHU。

HELIANGZILIXUEXIANGGUANDEJISHUQISHIZAOYISHENRUWOMENRICHANGSHENGHUODEMEIGEJIAOLUO。ZHISHIZAIZHEIXIEJISHULI,LIANGZILIXUEXIANGYIGEBUQIUMINGLIDEMUHOUYINGXIONG,SHANGJIAYEMEIYOUYONG “LIANGZI” ZHEIGEZHAOPAILAIYINGXIAOZHEIXIEJISHU。WOMENYISHOUJIDEXINPIANWEILILAIZHANSHIYIXIALIANGZILIXUEDUIJISHUFAZHANDEGEMINGXINGGONGXIAN。XIANDAISHOUJIXINPIANDAGAIYIGEZHIJIAGAINEIMEDA,HANYOUJISHIYIGEJINGTIGUAN,MEIMIAONENGCHULISHIYICIZUOYOUDEYUNSUAN。MEIYOULIANGZILIXUE,ZHEISHIBUKENENGDE!RENMENHENZAOJIUZHUYIDAOLEJINSHUHUIDAODIAN,ERYIJINGANGSHIWEIDAIBIAODEGELEIBAOSHIQUEBUHUIDAODIAN。WULIXUEJIAWUFAYONGJINGDIANWULILAILIJIEZHEIXIEXIANXIANG。ZUIHOUZAILIANGZILIXUEDEBANGZHUXIA,WULIXUEJIACHENGGONGDIJIESHILEZHEIXIECAILIAODEDAODIANXINGZHI,BINGQIEFAXIANLEYIZHONGJIEYUJINSHUHEJUEYUANTIZHIJIANDECAILIAO,BANDAOTI。 TONGGUOWULISHOUDUANRENMENKEYIQINGYIDIDIAOJIEBANDAOTIDEDAODIANXINGNENG,RANGTAZAIDAODIANHEBUDAODIANJIANKUAISUQIEHUAN。LIYONGBANDAOTIDEZHEIGEDUTEDEXINGZHI,WULIXUEJIAZAI1947NIANFAMINGLEJINGTIGUAN。ZAIYIHOUDEJISHINIANLI,GONGCHENGJISHURENYUANBUDUANWANSHANHEFAZHANJINGTIGUANGONGYI,JINGTIGUANYUEBIANYUEXIAO,XIANZAISHOUJIXINPIANSHANGDEJINGTIGUANZHIYOUSHIJIGENAMI(YUEYIMIDEYIYIFENZHIYI)DAXIAO。

(CHATU:SUNZHAOCHENG)

WEILEFANGBIANTAOLUN,WOBALIANGZITONGXINHELIANGZIJISUANJIJIAOZUOXIANXINGLIANGZIJISHU,BAYIXINPIANWEIDAI BIAODELIANGZIJISHUJIAOZUOYINXINGLIANGZIJISHU。TAMENDEGONGTONGDIANSHI:LIANGZILIXUEZAIZHEIXIEJISHUZHONGQI ZHEZHIGUANZHONGYAODEJUEDINGXINGZUOYONG。BUTONGDIANSHI:ZAIXIANXINGLIANGZIJISHULI,LIANGZILIXUESHIGETAIQIANTAIHOUDEYINGXIONG,QIANMIANTIDAODELIANGZILIXUEDETEZHENG,TEBIESHITAIDIEJIAYUANLI、LIANGZISUIJIXING、HELIANGZIJIUCHAN,ZAIXIANXINGLIANGZIJISHUSHIXIANDEGONGNENGLIHUIZHIJIETIXIANCHULAI。ZAIYINXINGLIANGZIJISHULI, LIANGZILIXUEZESHIYIGEMUHOUYINGXIONG,ZAIZHEILEIJISHUSHIXIANDEGONGNENGLILIANGZILIXUEDETEZHENGXIAOSHIDEWUYINGWUZONG。ZHENGYOUYUZHEIGEYUANYIN,YUANZESHANG,MEIYOULIANGZILIXUE,LEISIJISHUYENENGSHIXIAN,DANLIANGZILIXUEDECHUXIANSHIZHEILEIJISHUBIANDEGENGXIAOGENGKUAIGENGJING。ZAIJINGTIGUANCHUXIANYIQIAN,RENMENYIJINGYONGDIANZIGUANZAOCHULEJISUANJI,DANZHEIZHONGJISUANJIYICHANGPANGDA,YITAIJISUANJIXUYAOZHANJUJIGEFANG JIAN,SUDUHAIHENMAN。ZAISHANGSHIJIBASHINIANDAI,PUTONGRENJIAZHONGHAINENGCHANGJIANDAOYIZHONGSHUODADESHOUYINJI。ZHEIXIESHOUYINJIYOUYUSHIYONGDIANZIGUANERTIJIPANGDA。WOMENRICHANGYONGDEYINGPANYESHIYIZHONGYINXINGLIANGZIJISHU。ZHEIZHONGCICUNCHUJISHUGENZHIYULIANGZILIXUE。WULIXUEJIAFAXIAN,DIANZIJUYOUZIXUAN,YI ZHONGFEICHANGSHENQIDEWEIGUANTEZHENG。RUGUONIXIANGYONGYIGETUXIANGLAILIJIEZIXUAN,NIDAZHIKEYIBATAXIANGXIANGCHENGYIGEYONGBUTINGXIDETUOLUO。YOUYUJUYOUZIXUAN,DIANZIHENXIANGYIGEWEIXIAODEZHINANZHEN。JIYUZHEIGERENSHI,WULIXUEJIAKEYIJIESHICITIEWEISHENMEJUYOUCIXING,BINGJINYIBUFAZHANLECICUNCHUJISHU。MEIYOUZHEIXIECICUNCHUQI,WOMENDANGRANKEYIYONGPUTONGDEZHIZHANG、YINSHUAJISHUHUOZHEJIAOPIANLAICUNCHUXINXI。DANXIANZAIYIGEPUTONGDEYINGPANKEYIZHUANGXIASHANGQIANWANBENTUSHU。

ZAILIANGZIJISHUZHONG,XIANXINGLIANGZIJISHULIWOMENDERICHANGSHENGHUOHAIYUAN;YINXINGLIANGZIJISHUZEYIJINGSHEN KEDIGAIBIANLEWOMENDERICHANGSHENGHUO。

LIANGZILIXUEFEICHANGCHENGGONG,DANTAMIAOSHUDESHIJIEQUEFEICHANGGUGUAI,HEWOMENDERICHANGJINGYANDAXIANGJINGTING。 QIANMIANTIDAODELIANGZILIXUEDELIUDATEZHENGJIUSHIDUIZHEIZHONG“GUGUAI”DEJIANDUANMIAOSHU。ZHEXUEJIADUILIANG ZILIXUEDEZHEIZHONG“GUGUAIXING”JINXINGGUOHENDUOTAOLUN。XIANZAIYOURENJIANGLIANGZILIXUEDEZHEIZHONG“GUGUAI XING”HEFOJIAODENGZONGJIAOLIANXIQILAI,HAIYOURENTI“LIANGZIXINLIXUE”DENGLILUN。ZHEIXIEDOUSHIQIANQIANGFU HUI,LIANGZILIXUESHIYIMENKEXUE,TAYIJINGJINGGUOSHIYANDEYANGEJIANYAN,TADEJINYIBUDEFAZHANYI RANXUYAOSHIYANDETUIDONGHEJIANYAN。DUILIANGZILIXUEKONGFANDETAOLUNHELIANGZIZUOWEIYIGEZHAOPAIDAILAIDE XUANXIAOZUIZHONGDOUHUIBEISHIJIANTAOTAI。BEISHIJIANWANLIUXIALAIDECAISHIKEXUEDESHISHIZAIZAIDELIANGZI。

GENGDUOJINGCAISHIPINDENGLUWANGZHAN